UV-B Monitoring and Research Program Publications






Brand, D., C. Wijewardana, W. Gao, and K.R. Reddy. 2017. Interactive effects of carbon dioxide, low temperature, and ultraviolet-B radiation on cotton seedling root and shoot morphology and growth. Frontiers of Earth Science 10:607-620.





Reddy, K. R., H. Patro, S. Lokhande, N. Bellaloui, and W. Gao. 2016. Ultraviolet-B Radiation Alters Soybean Growth and Seed Quality. Food and Nutrition Sciences, 7, 55-66. doi: 10.4236/fns.2016.71007

Bai, K., N. Chang, and W. Gao. 2016. Quantification of relative contribution of Antarctic ozone depletion to increased austral extratropical precipitation during 1979-2013. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 121, 1459-1474. doi: 10.1002/2015JD024247

Wijewardana, C., W. Brien Henry, W. Gao, and K. Raja Reddy. 2016. Interactive effects on CO2, drought, and ultraviolet-B radiation on maize growth and development. Journal of Photochemistry & Photobiology, B: Biology 160 198–209. doi: 10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2016.04.004

Chen, M., W. J. Parton, E. C. Adair, S. Asao, M. D. Hartman, and W. Gao. 2016. Simulation of the effects of photodecay on long-term litter decay using DayCent. Ecosphere, 7, e01631. doi: 10.1002/ecs2.1631

Ai, J., W. Gao, Z. Gao, R. Shi, C. Zhang, and C. Liu. 2016. Integrating Pan-sharpening and Classifier Ensemble Techniques to Map an Invasive Plant (Spartina alterniflora) in an Estuarine Wetland using Landsat 8 Imagery. Journal of Applied Remote Sensing, 10(2), 026001. doi: 10.1117/1.JRS.10.026001

Bai, K., N.-B. Chang, and W. Gao. 2016. Quantification of relative contribution of Antarctic ozone depletion to increased austral extratropical precipitation during 1979-2013. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 121(4), 1459–1474. doi: 10.1002/2015JD024247

Bai, K., N.-B. Chang, H. Yu, and W. Gao. 2016. Statistical bias correction for creating coherent total ozone record from OMI and OMPS observations. Remote Sensing of Environment, 182, 150–168. doi: 10.1016/j.rse.2016.05.007

Chang, N.-B., K. Bai, S. Imen, C.-F. Chen, and W. Gao. 2016. Multi-sensor Satellite Image Fusion and Networking for All-Weather Environmental Monitoring. IEEE Systems Journal, 1–17. doi: 10.1109/JSYST.2016.2565900

Du, J., C. Liu, and W. Gao. 2016. Experiments of Soil Temperature and Moisture Assimilation System Based on Ensemble Kalman Filter. Journal of the Meteorological Sciences, 36(2), 184-193. doi: 10. 3969 /2015jms. 0027

Wang, H., R. Shi, P. Liu, and W. Gao. 2016. Dual NDVI Ratio Vegetation Index: A Kind of Vegetation Index Assessing Leaf Carotenoid Content Based on Leaf Optical Properties Model. Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis, 36(07), 2189-2194. doi: 10.3964/j.issn.1000-0593(2016)07-2189-06




Chen, M., M. Zempila, J. M. Davis, R. W. King, and W. Gao. 2016. In-situ calibration of the water vapor channel for multi-filter rotating shadowband radiometer using collocated GPS, AERONET and meteorology data. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability XIII, 9975, 99750E. doi:10.1117/12.2236572

Sun, Z., J. Davis and W. Gao. 2016. Analysis of ten years of surface UV observations from data fusion for the continental U.S. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability XIII, 9975, 99750B; doi:10.1117/12.2238058

Ma, M., R. Shi, K. Bai, C. Liu, W. Gao, and Z. Sun. 2016. Evaluation of the consistency of OMI-TOMS total ozone with collocated ground-based measurements. Proceeding of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability XIII, 9975, 99750W. doi: 10.1117/12.2238604





Lokhande, S., and K. R. Reddy. 2015. Cotton reproductive and fiber quality responses to nitrogen nutrition. International Journal of Plant Production, 9(2), 191-209.

Wijewardana, C., M. Hock, B. Henry, and K. R. Reddy. 2015. Screening corn hybrids for cold tolerance using morphological traits for early-season seeding. Crop Science, 55, 851-867. doi: 10.2135/cropsci2014.07.0487

Stricklanda, C., G. Dangelmayra, P. D. Shipmana, S. Kumarb, and T. J. Stohlgren. 2015. Network spread of invasive species and infectious diseases. Ecological Modelling, 309-310, 1-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2015.04.010

Abukari, I. A., M. W. Shankle, and K. R. Reddy. 2015. Sweetpotato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.] Response to S-Metolachlor and Rainfall under Three Temperature Regimes. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 6, 702-717. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2015.65076

Parton, W. J., M. P. Gutmann, E. R. Merchant, M. D. Hartman, P. R. Adler, F. M. McNeal, and S. M. Lutz. 2015. Measuring and mitigating agricultural greenhouse gas production in the US Great Plains, 1870-2000. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(34), E4681-E4688. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1416499112




Wijewardana, C., W. B. Henry, and K. R. Reddy. 2015. Interactive Effects on CO2, drought, and ultraviolet-B radiation on corn (Zea mays) growth and development. Southern Regional Branch of American Society of Agronomy Annual Meetings, Atlanta, GA, USA

Asao, S., Z. Sun, and W. Gao. 2015. Effects of bias in solar radiation inputs on ecosystem model performance. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability XII, 9610, 96100C. doi: 10.1117/12.2188206

Chen, M., J. Davis, Z. Sun, and W. Gao. 2015. Two-stage reference channel calibration for collocated UV and VIS Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometers. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability XII, 9610, 96100L. doi: 10.1117/12.2185500

Sun, Z., J. Davis, and W. Gao. 2015. Combined UV Irradiance from TOMS-OMI satellite and UVMRP ground measurements across the continental US. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability XII, 9610, 961004. doi: 10.1117/12.2188760

Wu, Y., X. Liang, W. Gao. 2015. Climate change impacts on the U.S. agricultural economy. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability XII, 9610, 96100J. doi: 10.1117/12.2192469




Gao, W., and Z. Gao. 2015. Applications of Remote Sensing and Numerical Modeling Technology. Science Press, Beijing, China





Chen, M., J. Davis, and W. Gao. 2014. A new cloud screening algorithm for ground-based direct-beam solar radiation. Journal of Atmosphere and Oceanic Technology, 31(12), 2591-2605. doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-14-00095.1

Liu, C., M. Chen, R. Shi, and W. Gao. 2014. Retrievals of aerosol optical depth and total column ozone from Ultraviolet Multifilter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer measurements based on an optimal estimation technique. Frontiers of Earth Science, 8(4), 610-624. doi: 10.1007/s11707-014-0455-6

Liu, S., X. Liang, W. Gao, and T. J. Stohlgren. 2014. Regional climate model downscaling may improve the prediction of alien plant species distributions. Frontiers of Earth Science, 8(4), 457-471. doi: 10.1007/s11707-014-0457-4

Singh, S. K., K. R. Reddy, V. R. Reddy, and W. Gao. 2014. Maize growth and developmental responses to temperature and ultraviolet-B radiation interaction. Photosynthetica, 52(2), 262-271. doi: 10.1007/s11099-014-0029-6

Xu, M., X. Liang, A. Samel, and W. Gao. 2014. MODIS consistent vegetation parameter specifications and their impacts on regional climate simulations. Journal of Climate, 27(22), 8578-8596. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00082.1

Zhang, C., S. Kellomäki, Q., Zhong, K. Wang, J. Gong, Y. Qiao, X. Zhou, and W. Gao. 2014. Seasonal biomass allocation in a boreal perennial grass (Phalaris arundinacea L.) under elevated temperature and CO2 with varying water regimes. Plant Growth Regulation, 74(2), 153-164. doi: 10.1007/s10725-014-9907-y

Stohlgren, T. J., A. L. Szalanski, J. Gaskin, N. Young, A. West, C. S. Jarnevich, and A. Tripodi. 2014. From Hybrid Swarms to Swarms of Hybrids. Environment and Ecology Research, 2(8), 311-318. doi: 10.13189/eer.2014.020804

Abukari, I. A., M. W. Shankle, and K. R. Reddy. 2014. S-metolachlor and rainfall effects on sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas L. [Lam]) growth and development. Scientia Horticulturae, 185, 98-104. doi: 10.1016/j.scienta.2015.01.018

Gajanayake, B., K. R. Reddy, M. W. Shankle, R. A. Arancibia, and A. O. Villordon. 2014. Quantifying storage root initiation, growth, and developmental responses of sweetpotato to early season temperature. Agronomy Journal, 106, 1795-1804. doi: 10.2134/agronj14.0067

Gajanayake, B., K. R. Reddy, M. W. Shankle, and R. A. Arancibia. 2014. Growth, developmental, and physiological responses of two sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatus (L.) Lam] cultivars to early season soil moisture deficit. Scientia Horticulturae, 168, 218-228. doi: 10.1016/j.scienta.2014.01.018

Lokhande, S., and K. R. Reddy. 2014. Quantifying temperature effects on cotton reproductive efficiency and fiber quality. Agronomy Journal, 106(4), 1275-1282. doi: 10.2134/agronj13.0531

Lokhande, S., and K. R. Reddy. 2014. Reproductive and fiber quality responses of Upland cotton to moisture deficiency. Agronomy Journal, 106(3), 1060-1069. doi: 10.2134/agronj13.0537




Du, J., C. Liu, and W. Gao. 2014. Assimilation of soil moisture using Ensemble Kalman Filter. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability XI, 9221, 92210N. doi: 10.1117/12.2058852

Liu, C., W. Gao, P. Liu, and Z. Sun. 2014. Assimilation of remote sensing data into crop growth model to improve the estimation of regional winter wheat yield. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability XI, 9221, 922104. doi: 10.1117/12.2058931

Liu, P., R. Shi, H. Wang, K. Bai, and W. Gao. 2014. Estimating leaf photosynthetic pigments information by stepwise multiple linear regression analysis and a leaf optical model. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability XI, 9221, 92211A. doi: 10.1117/12.2060530

Ma, M., R. Shi, P. Liu, H. Wang, and W. Gao. 2014. The impacts of bandwidths on the estimation of leaf chlorophyll concentration using normalized difference vegetation indices. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability XI, 9221, 922111. doi: 10.1117/12.2061290





Beresford, G. W., G. Selby, and J. C. Moore. 2013. Lethal and sub-lethal effects of UV-B radiation exposure on the collembolan Folsomia candida (Willem) in the laboratory. Pedobiologia, 56(2), 89-95. doi: 10.1016/j.pedobi.2012.12.001

Reddy, K. R., S. K. Singh, S. Koti, V. G. Kakani, D. Zhao, W. Gao, and V. R. Redd. 2013. Quantifying the Effects of Corn Growth and Physiological Responses to Ultraviolet-B Radiation for Modeling. Agronomy Journal, 105(5), 1367-1377. doi: 10.2134/agronj2013.0113

Tang, H., M. Chen, J. Davis, and W. Gao. 2013. Comparison of aerosol optical depth of UV-B monitoring and research program (UVMRP), AERONET and MODIS over continental united states. Frontiers of Earth Science, 7(2), 129-140. doi: 10.1007/s11707-013-0376-9




Singh, R. P., P. V. V. Prasad, and K. R. Reddy. 2013. Impacts of changing climate and climate variability on seed production and seed industry. In D. L. Spark (Ed.), Advances in Agronomy, Vol. 118 (pp. 49-110). Academic Press, Oxford, UK.





Liang, X., M. Xu, W. Gao, K. R. Reddy, K. Kunkel, D. L. Schmoldt, and A. N. Samel. 2012. A Distributed Cotton Growth Model Developed from GOSSYM and Its Parameter Determination. Agronomy Journal, 104(3), 661-674. doi: 10.2134/agronj2011.0250

Liang, X., M. Xu, W. Gao, K. R. Reddy, K. Kunkel, D. L. Schmoldt, and A. N. Samel. 2012. Physical Modeling of U.S. Cotton Yields and Climate Stresses during 1979 to 2005. Agronomy Journal, 104(3), 675-683. doi: 10.2134/agronj2011.0251

Gao, Z., W. Gao, and N. Chang. 2012. Evaluation of Dynamic Linkages between Evapotranspiration and Land Use/Land Cover Changes with Landsat TM and ETM+ Data. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 33(12), 3733-3750. doi: 10.1080/01431161.2011.636766

Gao, Z., W. Gao, and N. Chang. 2012. Spatial Statistical Analyses of Global Trends of Ultraviolet B Fluxes in the Continental United States. GIScience & Remote Sensing, 49(5), 735-754. doi: 10.2747/1548-1603.49.5.735

Liu, Y., M. Wei, W. Gao, and N. Li. 2012. Short-term automatic forecast algorithm of severe convective cloud identification using FY-2 IR images. Journal of Remote Sensing, 16(1), 79-92. doi: 10.11834/jrs.20120435

Zhang, H., W. Gao, and R. Shi. 2012. Reconstruction of high-quality LAI time-series product based on long-term historical database. Journal of Remote Sensing, 16(5), 986-991.

Liang, X., M. Xu, X. Yuan, T. Ling, H. I. Choi, F. Zhang, L. Chen, S. Liu, S. Su, F. Qiao, J. X. L. Wang, K. E. Kunkel, W. Gao, E. Joseph, V. Morris, T.-W. Yu, J. Dudhia, and J. Michalakes. 2012. Regional Climate-Weather Research and Forecasting Model. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93(9), 1363-1387. doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00180.1




Chen, M., J. Davis, H. Tang, Z. Gao, and W. Gao. 2012. A Multi-Channel Calibration Method for Multi-Filter Rotating Shadow-band Radiometer. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability IX, 8513, 851305. doi: 10.1117/12.929454





Hallar, A. G., D. H. Lowenthal, G. Chirokova, R. D. Borys, and C. Wiedinmyer. 2011. Persistent daily new particle formation at a mountain-top location. Journal of Atmospheric Environment, 45(24), 4111-4115. doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.04.044

Gao, Z., W. Gao, and N. Chang. 2011. Integrating temperature vegetation dryness index (TVDI) and regional water stress index (RWSI) for drought assessment with the aid of LANDSAT TM/ETM+ images. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 13(3), 495-503. doi:10.1016/j.jag.2010.10.005

Gao, Z., C. Liu, W. Gao, and N. Chang. 2011. A coupled remote sensing and the Surface Energy Balance with Topography Algorithm (SEBTA) to estimate actual evapotranspiration over heterogeneous terrain. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 15, 119-139. doi: 10.5194/hess-15-119-2011

Liu, S., X. Liang, W. Gao, Y. He, and T. Ling. 2011. Regional climate model simulations of the 1998 summer China flood: dependence on initial and lateral boundary conditions. The Open Atmospheric Science Journal, 5, 96-105. doi: 10.2174/1874282301105010096

Liu, C., Y. Li, W. Gao, R. Shi, and K. Bai. 2011. Retrieval of columnar water vapor using multispectral radiometer measurements over northern China. Journal of Applied Remote Sensing, 5(1), 053558. doi: 10.1117/1.3647483

Gao, Z., X. Xie, W. Gao, and N. Chang. 2011. Spatial analysis of terrain-impacted photosynthetic active radiation (PAR) using MODIS data. GIScience & Remote Sensing, 48(4), 501-521. doi: 10.2747/1548-1603.48.4.501

Zhong, H., R. Shi, C. Liu, and W. Gao. 2011. The modification of the abnormal remote sensing data from the DVB-S system based on MODIS. Remote Sensing for Land & Resources, 22(1), 73-76. doi: 10.6046/gtzyyg.2011.01.14




Bai, K., C. Liu, R. Shi, and W. Gao. 2011. Comparison of aerosol optical depth over northern China derived from ground-based measurements and MODIS. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability VIII, 8156, 81560I. doi: 10.1117/12.891045

Chen, Y., R. Shi, C. Liu, Y. Chen, and W. Gao. 2011. The evaluation of the applicability of MODIS AOD product in the lower and middle reaches of Yangtze River. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability VIII, 8156, 81560K. doi: 10.1117/12.8929367

Gao, Z., and W. Gao. 2011. Integrating satellite for drought impact assessment in a developed coastal region. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability VIII, 8156, 81560H. doi: 10.1117/12.890389





Chang, N., R. Feng, Z. Gao, and W. Gao. 2010. Skin cancer incidence is highly associated with ultraviolet-B radiation history. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, 213(5), 359-368. doi: 10.1016/j.ijheh.2010.06.006

Gao, Z., W. Gao, and N. Chang. 2010. Comparative analyses of the ultraviolet-B flux over the continental United State based on the NASA total ozone mapping spectrometer data and USDA ground-based measurements. Journal of Applied Remote Sensing, 4(1), 043547. doi: 10.1117/1.3507249

Gao, Z., W. Gao, and N. Chang. 2010. Detection of Multidecadal Changes in UVB and Total Ozone Concentrations over the Continental US with NASA TOMS Data and USDA Ground-based Measurements. Remote Sensing, 2(1), 262-277. doi: 10.390/rs2010262

Smith, W. K., W. Gao, H. Steltzer, M. D. Wallenstein, and R. Tree. 2010. Moisture availability influences the effect of ultraviolet-B radiation on leaf litter decomposition. Global Change Biology, 16(1), 484-495. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.01973.x

Xu, M., X. Liang, W. Gao, and N. Krotkov. 2010. Comparison of TOMS retrievals and UVMRP measurements of surface spectral UV radiation in the United States. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10, 8669-8683. doi: 10.5194/acp-10-8669-2010

Zhang, H., H. Huang, A. Lim, R. Holz, S. Dutcher, F. Nagle, L. Gumley, J. Wang, R. Shi, and W. Gao. 2010. Analysis and characterization of the synergistic AIRS and MODIS cloud-cleared radiances. Frontiers of Earth Science in China, 4(3), 363-373. doi: 10.1007/s11707-010-0023-7




Gao, Z., and W. Gao. 2010. Comparative analysis of UVB exposure between Nimbus 7/TOMS satellite estimates and ground-based measurements. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability VII, 7809, 78090Q. doi: 10.1117/12.858452





Bao, Y., W. Gao, and Z. Gao. 2009. Estimation of winter wheat biomass based on remote sensing data at various spatial and spectral resolutions. Frontiers of Earth Science, 3(1), 118-128. doi: 10.1007/s11707-009-0012-x

Corr, C. A., N. Krotkov, S. Madronich, J. R. Slusser, B. Holben, W. Gao, J. Flynn, B. Lefer, and S. M. Kreidenweis. 2009. Retrieval of aerosol single scattering albedo at ultraviolet wavelengths at the T1 site during MILAGRO. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 9(15), 5813-5827. doi: 10.5194/acp-9-5813-2009

Flint, S. D., R. J. Ryel, T. J. Hudelson, and M. M. Caldwell. 2009. Serious complications in experiments in which UV doses are effected by using different lamp heights. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, 97(1), 48-53. doi: 10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2009.07.010

Gao, Z., J. Ning, and W. Gao. 2009. Response of land surface temperature to coastal land use/cover change by remote sensing. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 25(9), 274-281.

Gao, Z., W. Zhang, W. Gao, and N. Chang. 2009. Modeling the land surface heat exchange process with the aid of moderate resolution imaging spectroradiomer images. Journal of Applied Remote Sensing, 3(1), 033573. doi: 10.1117/1.3290811

Liu, C., W. Gao, and Z. Gao. 2009. Estimation of regional surface evapotranspiration using MODIS Products. Advances in Water Science, 20(6), 782-788.

Liu, S., W. Gao, M. Xu, X. Wang, and X. Liang. 2009. China summer precipitation simulations using an optimal ensemble of cumulus schemes. Frontiers of Earth Science, 3(2), 248-257. doi: 10.1007/s11707-009-0022-8

Sarkissian, A., and J. Slusser. 2009. Water vapor total column measurements using the Elodie Archive at Observatoire de Haute Provence from 1994 to 2004. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 2(2), 319-326. doi: 10.5194/amt-2-319-2009

Smith, W. K., W. Gao, and H. Steltzer. 2009. Current and future impacts of ultraviolet radiation on the terrestrial carbon balance. Frontiers of Earth Science, 3(1), 34-41.

Surabhi, G.-K., K. R. Reddy, and S. K. Singh. 2009. Photosynthesis, fluorescence, shoot biomass and seed weight responses of three cowpea (Vigna unguiculata [L.] Walp.) cultivars with contrasting sensitivity to UV-B radiation. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 66, 160-171. doi: 10.1016/j.envexpbot.2009.02.004




Liu, C., W. Gao, Z. Gao, and R. Shi. 2009. Atmospheric correction model of Landsat images. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability VI, 7454, 745412. doi: 10.1117/12.824230

Krotkov, N., G. Labow, J. Herman, J. Slusser, R. Tree, G. Janson, B. Durham, T. Eck, and B. Holben. 2009. Aerosol column absorption measurements using co-located UV-MFRSR and AERONET CIMEL instruments. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet and Visible Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Trace Gases, Aerosols and Effects VI, 7462, 746205. doi: 10.1117/12.826880




Gao, W., D. Schmoldt, and J. R. Slusser. 2009. UV Radiation in Global Climate Change: Measurements, Modeling and Effects on Ecosystems. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg and Tsinghua University Press, Beijing, China.




Gao, W., J. M. Davis, R. Tree, J. R. Slusser, and D. Schmoldt. 2009. An ultraviolet radiation monitoring and research program for agriculture. In W. Gao, D. Schmoldt, and J. Slusser (eds.), UV Radiation in Global Climate Change: Measurements, Modeling and Effects on Ecosystems (pp. 205-243). Springer-Verlag GmbH Berlin Heidelberg, and Tsinghua University Press, Beijing, China.

Gao, W., Z. Gao, and N. Chang. 2009. Comparative analysis of UVB between Nimbus 7/TOMS satellite estimates and ground-based measurements. In W. Gao, D. Schmoldt, and J. Slusser (eds.),UV Radiation in Global Climate Change: Measurements, Modeling and Effects on Ecosystems (pp. 270-290). Springer-Verlag GmbH Berlin Heidelberg, and Tsinghua University Press Beijing, China

Qi, Y., G. Heisler, W. Gao, T. C. Vogelmann, and S. Bai. 2009. Characteristics of UV-B radiation tolerance in broadleaf trees in southern USA. In W. Gao, D. Schmoldt, and J. Slusser (eds.), UV Radiation in Global Climate Change: Measurements, Modeling and Effects on Ecosystems (pp. 509-530). Springer-Verlag GmbH Berlin Heidelberg, and Tsinghua University Press Beijing, China





Hicke, J. A., J. Slusser, K. Lantz, and F. G. Pascual. 2008. Trends and interannual variability in surface UVB radiation over 8 to 11 years observed across the United States. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 113(D21), D21302. doi: 10.1029/2008JD009826

Lantz, K., P. Disterhoft, J. Slusser, W. Gao, J. Berndt, G. Bernhard, R. Booth, J. Ehramjian, L. Harrison, G. Janson, P. Johnston, P. Kiedron, R. McKenzie, M. Kimlin, P. Neale, M. O'Neill, V. V. Quang, G. Seckmeyer, T. Taylor, S. Wuttke, and J. Michalsky. 2008. The 2003 north American interagency intercomparison of ultraviolet spectroradiometers, part A: scanning and spectrograph instruments. Journal of Applied Remote Sensing, 2(1), 023547.

Singh, S. K., G.-K. Surabhi, W. Gao, and K. R. Reddy. 2008. Assessing genotypic variability of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata [L.] Walp.) to current and projected ultraviolet-B radiation. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, 93(2), 71-81. doi: 10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2008.07.002

Barnes, P. W., S. D. Flint, J. R. Slusser, W. Gao, and R. J. Ryel. 2008. Diurnal changes in epidermal UV transmittance of plants in naturally high UV environments. Physiologia Plantarum, 133(2), 363-372. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-3054.2008.01084.x

Warphea, K. M., J. Gibbons, A. Carol, J. Slusser, R. Tree, W. Durham, and L. S. Kaufman. 2008. Adequate phenylalanine synthesis mediated by G protein is critical for protection from UV radiation damage in young etiolated Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings. Plant, Cell & Environment, 31(12), 1756-1770. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3040.2008.01878.x

Taylor, T. E., T. S. L'Ecuyer, J. R. Slusser, G. L. Stephens, and C. D. Goering. 2008. An operational retrieval algorithm for determining aerosol optical properties in the ultraviolet. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 113(D3), D03201. doi: 10.1029/2007JD008661

Liu, S., X. Liang, W. Gao, and H. Zhang. 2008. Application of Climate-Weather Research and Forecasting Model (CWRF) in China: Domain Optimization. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 32(3), 457-468.




Bao, Y., W. Gao, and Z. Gao. 2008. Estimating winter wheat biomass based on LANDSAT TM and MODIS data. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability V, 7083, 70831L. doi: 10.1117/12.806210

Gao, Z., X. Cao, M. Chen, and W. Gao. 2008. The Comparing Study of Net Primary Production in China. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability V, 7083, 70830M. doi: 10.1117/12.791581

Liu, C., W. Gao, Z. Gao, and S. Xu. 2008. Improvements of regional evapotranspiration model by considering topography correction. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability V, 7083, 70830L. doi: 10.1117/12.791580

Shi, R., H. Zhang, J. Sun, W. Gao, D. Zhuang, and Z. Niu. 2008. Responses of plant biochemical substances to reflectance spectra at leaf and canopy scales. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability V, 7083, 70830X. doi: 10.1117/12.794088

Xie, X., W. Gao, and Z. Gao. 2008. A Method for Estimating the Incident PAR on Inclined Surfaces. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability V, 7083, 70830P. doi: 10.1117/12.791695

Xie, X., W. Gao, and Z. Gao. 2008. Estimation of Land Photosynthetically Active Radiation in Clear Sky Using MODIS Atmosphere and Land Products. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability V, 7083, 70830O. doi: 10.1117/12.791693

Zou, L., W. Gao, T. Wu, Q. Lu, and Y. Zhang. 2008. Numerical simulation by the Common Land Model (CLM) of the soil moisture over China during the summer of 2006. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability V, 7083, 708314. doi: 10.1117/12.794448





Koti, S., K. R. Reddy, V. G. Kakani, D. Zhao, and W. Gao. 2007. Effects of carbon dioxide, temperature and ultraviolet-B radiation and their interactions soybean (Glycine max L.) growth and development. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 60(1), 1-10. doi: 10.1016/j.envexpbot.2006.05.001

Adler-Golden, S. M., and J. R. Slusser. 2007. Comparison of Plotting Methods for Solar Radiometer Calibration. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 24(5), 935-938. doi: 10.1175/JTECH2012.1

Thines, N. J., L. A. Shipley, J. H. Bassman, J. K. Fellman, D. S. Mattison, J. R. Slusser, and W. Gao. 2007. Effects of Enhanced UV-B Radiation on Plant Chemistry: Nutritional Consequences for a Specialist and Generalist Lagomorph. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 33(5), 1025-1039. doi: 10.1007/s10886-007-9280-7

Sullivan, J. H., D. C. Gitz III, L. Liu-Gitz, C. Xu, W. Gao, and J. Slusser. 2007. Coupling short-term changes in ambient UV-B levels with induction of UV-Screening compounds. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 83(4), 863-870. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-1097.2007.00138.x

Kerr, J. B., and J. M. Davis. 2007. New methodology applied to deriving total ozone and other atmospheric variables from global irradiance spectra. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 112(D21), D21301. doi: 10.1029/2007JD008708




Wang, X., W. Gao, J. Davis, B. Olson, G. Janson, and J. Slusser. 2007. Dependence of erythemally weighted UV radiation on geographical parameters in the United States. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability IV, 6679, 667903. doi: 10.1117/12.735284

Gao, W., Q. Lu, Z. Gao, W. Wu, B. Du, and J. Slusser. 2007. Correlation analysis of snow depth retrieved from SSM/I with precipitation and temperature over China. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability IV, 6679, 667913. doi: 10.1117/12.727856

Zou, L., W. Gao, T. Wu, and X. Xu. 2007. A method to compute solar radiation at surface in any time interval based on NCEP re-analysis. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability IV, 6679, 66790R. doi: 10.1117/12.730626

Liu, C., W. Gao, and Z. Gao. 2007. A study of retrieve land surface temperature and evapotranspiration in response to LUCC based on remote sensing data. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability IV, 6679, 66791F. doi: 10.1117/12.726039

Lu, Q., W. Gao, Z. Gao, W. Wu, C. Dong, Z. Yang, P. Zhang, B. Du, and J. Slusser. 2007. Construction of land data assimilation system based on EnKF technology and community land model. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability IV, 6679, 667912. doi: 10.1117/12.727868





Koti, S., K. R. Reddy, G. W. Lawrence, V. R. Reddy, V. G. Kakani, D. Zhao, and W. Gao. 2006. Effect of enhanced UV-B radiation on reniform nematode (Rotylenchus reniformis Linford and Oliveira) populations in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Plant Pathology Journal, 6(1), 51-59.

Grant, R. H., K. Apostol, and W. Gao. 2006. Biologically effective UV-B exposures of an oak-hickory forest understory during leafout. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 132(1-2), 28-43.

McKenzie, R., G. Bodeker, G. Scott, J. Slusser, and K. Lantz. 2006. Geographical differences in erythemally-weighed UV measured at mid-latitude USDA sites. Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences, 5, 343-352. doi: 10.1039/B510943D

Wang, X., W. Gao, J. R. Slusser, J. Davis, B. Olson, S. Janssen, G. Janson, B. Durham, R. Tree, and R. Deike. 2006. USDA UV-B monitoring system: An application of centralized architecture. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 64(2), 326-332. doi: 10.1016/j.compag.2008.04.006




Johnsen, B., B. Kjeldstad, T. N. Aalerud, L. T. Nilsen, J. Schreder, M. Blumthaler, G. Bernhard, A. Bagheri, B. Bhattarai, C. Topaloglou, G. Zablocki, O. Meinander, B. A. Høiskar, R. Haugen, W. S. Durham, G. Janson, A. R. Marrero, A. Dahlback, D. Bolsée, J. R. Slusser, J. Stamnes, C. Torres, A. R. D. Smedley, L.-E. Paulsson, K. Lakkala, A. R. Webb, J. B. Ørbæk, A. A. Grimenes, T. Ringstad, T. Lange, and W. Josefsson. 2006. International intercomparison of multiband filter radiometers in Oslo 2005. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere XI, 6362, 63620W. doi: 10.1117/12.688918

Taylor, T. E., J. Slusser, A. Hernández, M. Grutter, B. Lefer. 2006. Ultraviolet aerosol optical properties retrieved during the 2006 MIRAGE-Mex experiment: initial results. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere XI, 6362, 636203. doi: 10.1117/12.687942

Lantz, K., P. Disterhoft, C. Wilson, G. Janson, B. Durham, and J. Slusser. 2006. Long-term evaluation of the calibration of YES UVB-1 broadband radiometers of the Central UV Calibration Facility (1994-2005) and the suite of UV radiometers in the USDA UV Monitoring Network. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere XI, 6362, 63620X. doi: 10.1117/12.690059

Du, C., W. Wu, X. Liu, and W. Gao. 2006. Simulation of Soil Moisture and Its Variability in East Asia. Proceedings of SPIE, RemoteSensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability III, 6298, 62982F. doi: 10.1117/12.690643

Gao, W., Q. Lu, Z. Gao, W. Wu, B. Du, and J. Slusser. 2006. Analysis of temporal variations of albedo from MODIS. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability III, 6298, 62981G. doi: 10.1117/12.676197

Liu, S., W. Gao, X. Liang, H. Zhang, and J. Slusser. 2006. Sensitivity of CWRF simulations of the China 1998 summer flood to cumulus parameterizations. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability III, 6298, 62981I. doi: 10.1117/12.676216

Liu, S., W. Gao, X. Liang, H. Zhang, and J. Slusser. 2006. CWRF simulations of the China 1991 and 1998 summer floods. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability III, 6298, 62981J. doi: 10.1117/12.676218

Sun, H., Z. Rong, C. Liu, J. Liu, Y. Zhang, P. Zhang, X. Wang, and W. Gao. 2006. Infrared spectrum characteristics of the forest fire from field experiments. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability III, 6298, 629806. doi: 10.1117/12.679775

Wang, X., W. Gao, K. R. Reddy, J. Slusser, and M. Xu. 2006. Preliminary results of a UV-B effect incorporated GOSSYM Model. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability III, 6298, 62980O. doi: 10.1117/12.681446

Wang, X., W. Gao, J. R. Slusser, J. Davis, Z. Gao, G. Scott, B. Olson, N. Krotkov, M. Xu, and X. Liang. 2006. Spectral distribution of UV-B irradiance derived by synthetic model compared with simulation results of TUV and ground measurements. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability III, 6298, 62980L. doi: 10.1117/12.681464

Xu, M., X. Liang, W. Gao, J. Slusser, and K. Kunkel. 2006. Validation of the TUV module in CWRF using USDA-UVB network observations. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability III, 6298, 62980N. doi: 10.1117/12.680122

Zou, L., W. Gao, T. Wu, X. Xu, B. Du, and J. Slusser. 2006. A 3DVAR land data assimilation scheme: Part 1, mathematical design. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability III, 6298, 62982E. doi: 10.1117/12.679994

Zou, L., W. Gao, T. Wu, X. Xu, B. Du, and J. Slusser. 2006. A 3DVAR land data assimilation scheme: Part 2, test with ECMWF ERA-40. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability III, 6298, 62981M. doi: 10.1117/12.679991

Gao, Z., W. Gao, and J. Slusser. 2006. The LUCC Responses to Climatic changes in China in the last 20 years. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability III, 6298, 629818. doi: 10.1117/12.676236




Qu, J., W. Gao, M. Kafatos, R. Murphy and V. Salomonson. 2006. Earth Science Satellite Remote Sensing, Science and Instruments, Volume I. Tsinghua University Press, Beijing and Springer-Verlag GmbH Berlin Heidelberg.

Qu, J., W. Gao, M. Kafatos, R. Murphy and V. Salomonson. 2006. Earth Science Satellite Remote Sensing, Data, Computational Processing, and Tools, Volume II. Tsinghua University Press, Beijing and Springer-Verlag GmbH Berlin Heidelberg.




Bais, A. F., D. Lubin, A. Arola, G. Bernhard, M. Blumthaler, N. Chubarova, C. Erlick, H. P. Gies, N. Krotkov, K. Lantz, B. Mayer, R. L. McKenzie, R. D. Piacentini, G. Seckmeyer, J. R. Slusser, and C. S. Zerefos. 2006. Chapter 7: Surface Ultraviolet Radiation: Past, Present, and Future. In A. N. Ajavon, D. L. Albritton, R. T. Watson, et. al. (eds.), Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion: 2006, Global Ozone Research and Monitoring Project-Report No. 50 (pp. 7.1-7.54). World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Gao, W., Z. Q. Gao, X. Pan, J. R. Slusser, M. Cao, J. Zhang, Y. Hamid, and Y. Ma. 2006. The impact of precipitation and temperature on net primary productivity (NPP) in Xinjiang from 1981-2000. In J. Qu, W. Gao, M. Kafatos, R. Murphy and V. Salomonson (eds), Earth Science Satellite Remote Sensing II (pp. 395-406). Tsinghua University Press, Beijing and Springer-Verlag GmbH Berlin Heidelberg.





Goering, C. D., T. S. L'Ecuyer, G. L. Stephens, J. R. Slusser, G. Scott, J. Davis, J. C. Barnard, and S. Madronich. 2005. Simultaneous retrievals of column ozone and aerosol optical properties from direct and diffuse solar irradiance measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 110(D5), D05204. doi: 10.1029/2004JD005330

Gong, L., X. Pan, Q. Shi, Z. Wang, and W. Gao. 2005. Land use pattern and influential factors in the upper reaches of Tarim River. Resources Science, 27(4), 71-75.

Grant, R. H., and J. R. Slusser. 2005. Estimation of ultraviolet-A irradiance from measurements of 368-nm spectral irradiance. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 22(12), 1853-1863. doi: 10.1175/JTECH1823.1

Koti, S., K. R. Reddy, V. R. Reddy, V. G. Kakani, and D. Zhao. 2005. Interactive effects of carbon dioxide, temperature and ultraviolet-B radiation on soybean (Glycine max L.) flower and pollen morphology, pollen production, germination and tube lengths. Journal of Experimental Botany, 56(412), 725-736. doi: 10.1093/jxb/eri044

Liang, X., M. Xu, W. Gao, K. Kunkel, J. Slusser, Y. Dai, Q. Min, P. R. Houser, M. Rodell, C. B. Schaaf, and F. Gao. 2005. Development of land surface albedo parameterization based on Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 110(D11), D11107. doi: 10.1029/2004JD005579

Rochford, P. A., P. K. Acharya, S. M. Adler-Golden, A. Berk, L. S. Bernstein, M. W. Matthew, S. C. Richtsmeier, S. Gulick, and J. Slusser. 2005. Validation and refinement of hyperspectral/multispectral atmospheric compensation using shadowband radiometers. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 43(12), 2898-2907. doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2005.857901

Wetzel, M. A., and J. R. Slusser. 2005. Mesoscale distributions of ultraviolet spectral irradiance, actinic flux and photolysis rates derived from multispectral satellite data and radiative transfer models. Optical Engineering, 44(4), 041006. doi: 10.1117/1.1889467

Zhao, D., K. R. Reddy, V. G. Kakani, S. Koti, and W. Gao. 2005. Physiological causes of cotton fruit abscission under conditions of high temperature and enhanced ultraviolet-B radiation. Physiologia Plantarum, 124(2), 189-199. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-3054.2005.00491.x




Apostol, K. G., R. H. Grant, C. I. Bawhey, and W. Gao. 2005. Short-term impacts of elevated UV-B radiation on soybeans. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects V, 5886, 58860I. doi: 10.1117/12.613320

Beneski, E., J. H. Bassman, J. R. Slusser, and W. Gao. 2005. Application of CCD array digital fiber optic spectrometers in determination of within-tree and within- canopy irradiances of UV-B radiation. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects V, 5886, 58860X. doi: 10.1117/12.620659

Britz, S., C. Caldwell, R. Mirecki, J. Slusser, and W. Gao. 2005. Effect of supplemental ultraviolet radiation on the concentration of phytonutrients in green and red leaf lettuce (Lactuca sativa) cultivars. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects V, 5886, 58860W. doi: 10.1117/12.625576

Davis, J. M., and J. R. Slusser. 2005. New USDA UVB synthetic spectra algorithm. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects V, 5886, 58860B. doi: 10.1117/12.620269

Davis, J. M., and J. R. Slusser. 2005. Impact of clouds with limited horizontal extent on UV radiation measurements. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects IV, 5545, 36-42. doi: 10.1117/12.561496

Gao, W., Z. Gao, H. I. Choi, M. Xu and J. R. Slusser. 2005. Construction of surface boundary conditions for regional climate modeling in China by using the remote sensing data. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability II, 5884, 5884013. doi: 10.1117/12.620149

Gao, W., Y. Zheng, J. R. Slusser, and R. H. Grant. 2005. Effect of enhanced UV-B radiation combined with other climate stressors on winter wheat. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects IV, 5545, 111-116. doi: 10.1117/12.563465

Gao, Z., W. Gao, and J. Slusser. 2005. The response of leaf area index to climate change during 1981-2000 in China. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability II, 5884, 58840S. doi: 10.1117/12.612929

Grant, R. H., and J. R. Slusser. 2005. The measurement and modeling of broadband UV-A irradiance. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects V, 5886, 58860C. doi: 10.1117/12.613318

Guo, X., W. Gao, and J. Wilmshurst. 2005. Measuring grassland structure for recovery of grassland species at risk. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability II, 5884, 58840B. doi: 10.1117/12.613198

Hicke, J. A., J. Slusser, and K. Lantz. 2005. Long-term variability in surface UV-B radiation across the United States. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects IV, 5545, 7-16. doi: 10.1117/12.560092

Janson, G. T., J. R. Slusser, G. Scott, P. Disterhoft, and K. Lantz. 2005. Long-term stability of UV multifilter rotating shadowband radiometers, part 2: lamp calibrations versus the Langley method. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects IV, 5545, 43-54. doi: 10.1117/12.562491

Krotkov, N. A., P. K. Bhartia, J. R. Herman, J. Slusser, G. Scoot, G. Labow, A. P. Vasilkov, T. Eck, O. Dubovik, and B. Holben. 2005. Measuring aerosol UV absorption optical thickness by combining use of shadowband and almucantar techniques. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects IV, 5545, 17-27. doi: 10.1117/12.559557

Lantz, K., P. Disterhoft, C. Wilson, G. Janson, J. Slusser, S. Bloms, and J. Michalsky. 2005. Out-of-band rejection studies of the UV multi-filter rotating shadow-band radiometers. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere X, 5979, 59791N. doi: 10.1117/12.627813

Liu, S., W. Gao, Z. Gao, H. Zhang, and B. Du. 2005. Numerical simulation of summer 2003 climate in China region using RegCM3. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability II, 5884, 58840V. doi: 10.1117/12.612988

Lu, Q., W. Gao, Z. Gao, W. Wu, X. Pan, D. Wang, B. Du and J. R. Slusser. 2005. Simulations of rainfall process in Southeastern China with WRF and MM5. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability II, 5884, 58840T. doi: 10.1117/12.612982

Lu, Q., W. Gao, Z. Gao, W. Wu, X. Pan, B. Du, and J. R. Slusser. 2005. An analysis of seasonal and interannual variability of LAI during 1982 to 2004. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability II, 5884, 58840U. doi: 10.1117/12.612983

Reddy, K. R., S. Koti, V. G. Kakani, D. Zhao, and W. Gao. 2005. Genotypic variation of soybean and cotton crops in their response to UV-B radiation for vegetative growth and physiology. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects V, 5886, 58860K. doi: 10.1117/12.619899

Slusser, J., T. Taylor, and N. A. Krotkov. 2005. UV aerosol optical properties at three US sites. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere X, 5979, 59791O. doi: 10.1117/12.628124

Sullivan, J. H., C. Xu, W. Gao, and J. R. Slusser. 2005. Development of UV-B screening compounds in response to variation in ambient levels of UV-B radiation. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects V, 5886, 58860L. doi: 10.1117/12.623738

Taylor, T. E., T. L’Ecuyer, J. Slusser, G. Stephens, N. Krotkov, J. Davis, and C. Goering. 2005. Characterization and error analysis of an operational retrieval algorithm for estimating column ozone and aerosol properties from ground based ultra-violet irradiance measurements. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects V, 5886, 58860Y. doi: 10.1117/12.628877

Thines, N. J., J. H. Bassman, L. A. Shipley, and J. R. Slusser. 2005. Effects of enhanced UV-B radiation on secondary metabolites in forage plants and potential consequences for multiple trophic responses involving mammalian herbivores. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects IV, 5545, 117-130. doi: 10.1117/12.563273

Tree, R. M., J. R. Slusser. 2005. Comparison of column ozone retrievals obtained by UV multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer with those from Brewer and Dobson spectrophotometers. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects IV, 5545, 81-89. doi: 10.1117/12.562500

Tree, R., and J. Slusser. 2005. Measurement of spectral signatures of invasive plant species with a low cost spectrometer. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects V, 5886, 58860U. doi: 10.1117/12.619294

Xu, M., X. Liang, W. Gao, K. R. Reddy, J. R. Slusser, and K. Kunkel. 2005. Preliminary results of the coupled CWRF-GOSSYM system. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability II, 5884, 588409. doi: 10.1117/12.621017

Zheng, Y., W. Gao, J. R. Slusser, R. H. Grant, and C. Wang. 2005. Responses of different crop growth and yield to enhanced UV-B radiation under field conditions. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects IV, 5545, 102-110. doi: 10.1117/12.563454




Slusser, J. R., W. Gao, and J. Herman (eds.). 2005. Advances in UV Ground- and Space-based Measurements and Modeling. Optical Engineering, 44(4)





Barnard, J. C., E. G. Chapman, J. D. Fast, J. R. Schmelzer, J. R. Slusser, and R. E. Shetter. 2004. An evaluation of the FAST-J-photlysis algorithm for predicting nitrogen dioxide photosynethesis rates under clear and cloudy sky conditions. Atmospheric Environment, 38(21), 3393-3403. doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2004.03.034

Krizek, D. T., and W. Gao. 2004. Introduction - ultraviolet radiation and terrestrial ecosystems. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 79(5), 379-381.

Flint, S. D., P. S. Searles, and M. M. Caldwell. 2004. Field testing of biological spectral weighting functions for induction of UV-absorbing compounds in higher plants. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 79(5), 399-403. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-1097.2004.tb00026.x

Gao, W., Y. Zheng, J. R. Slusser, G. M. Heisler, R. H. Grant, J. Xu, and D. He. 2004. Effects of supplementary ultraviolet-B irradiance on maize yield and qualities: a field experiment. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 80(1), 127-131. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-1097.2004.tb00060.x

Grant, R. H., and J. R. Slusser. 2004. Estimation of Photosynthetic Photon Flux Density from 368-nm Spectral Irradiance. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 21(3), 481-487. doi: 10.1175/1520-0426(2004)021<0481:EOPPFD>2.0.CO;2

Hand, J. L., S. M. Kreidenweis, J. Slusser, and G. Scott. 2004. Comparisons of aerosol optical properties derived from Sun photometry to estimates inferred from surface measurements in Big Bend National Park, Texas. Atmospheric Environment, 38(39), 6813-6821. doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2004.09.004

Heisler, G. M., R. H. Grant, W. Gao, and J. R. Slusser. 2004. Solar ultraviolet-B radiation in urban environments: the case of Baltimore, Maryland. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 80(3), 422-428. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-1097.2004.tb00108.x

Kakani, V. G., K. R. Reddy, D. Zhao, and W. Gao. 2004. Senescence and hyperspectral reflectance of cotton leaves exposed to ultraviolet-B radiation and carbon dioxide. Physologia Plantarum, 121(2), 250-257. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-3054.2004.00314.x

Koti, S., K. R. Reddy, V. G. Kakani, D. Zhao, and V. R. Reddy. 2004. Soybean (Glycine max) Pollen Germination Characteristics, Flower and Pollen Morphology in Response to Enhanced Ultraviolet-B Radiation. Annals of Botany, 94(6), 1-10. doi: 10.1093/aob/mch212

Krizek, D. T., and W. Gao. 2004. Ultraviolet Radiation and Terrestrial Ecosystems. Photochemistry and Photobiolgy, 81(5), 1021-1025. doi: 10.1562/2005-08-18-RA-654

Milchunas, D. G., J. Y. King, A. R. Mosier, J. C. Moore, J. A. Morgan, M. H. Quirk, and J. R. Slusser. 2004. UV radiation effects on plant growth and forage quality in a shortgrass steppe ecosystems. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 79(5), 404-410. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-1097.2004.tb00027.x

Reddy, K. R., V. G. Kakani, D. Zhao, S. Koti, and W. Gao. 2004. Interactive Effects of Ultraviolet-B Radiation and Temperature on Cotton Physiology, Growth, Development and Hyperspectral Reflectance. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 79(5), 416-427. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-1097.2004.tb00029.x

Zhao, D., K. R. Reddy, V. G. Kakani, A. R. Mohammed, J. J. Read, and W. Gao. 2004. Leaf and canopy photosynthetic characteristics of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) under elevated CO2 concentration and UV-B radiation. Journal of Plant Physiology, 161(5), 581-590. doi: 10.1078/0176-1617-01229

Kakani, V. G., K. R. Reddy, D. Zhao, and W. Gao. 2004. Leaf senescence and hyperspectral reflectance of cotton leaves exposed to ultraviolet-B radiation and carbon dioxide. Physologia Plantarum, 121(2), 250-257.




Beauharnois, M. C., P. Kiedron, and L. Harrison. 2004. The USDA high-resolution UV radiation network: maintenance, calibration, and data tools. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects IV, 5545, 90-101. doi: 10.1117/12.559504

Davis, J. M., and J. R. Slusser. 2004. Impact of clouds with limited horizontal extent on UV radiation measurements. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects IV, 5545, 36-42. doi: 10.1117/12.561496

Flint, S. D., R. J. Ryel, and M. M. Caldwell. 2004. Serious complications in experiments in which UV doses are affected by using different lamp heights. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects IV, 5545, 56-62. doi: 10.1117/12.561696

Gao, W., Z. Gao, X. Pan, J. Slusser, J. Qi, X. Zhan, and Y. Ma. 2004. Impacts of seasonal climate on net primary productivity (NPP) in Xinjiang, 1981-2000. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability, 543-552. doi: 10.1117/12.563611

Gao, W., Y. Zheng, J. Slusser, and R. H. Grant. 2004. Effect of enhanced UV-B radiation combined with other climate stressors on winter wheat. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects IV, 5545, 111-116. doi: 10.1117/12.563465

Grant, R. H., G. M. Heisler, and W. Gao. 2004. Impact of cloud cover on erythemal UV- B exposure under vegetation canopies. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects IV, 5545, 71-80. doi: 10.1117/12.562501

Guo, X., W. Gao, P. Richard, Y. Lu, Y. Zheng, and E. Pietroniro. 2004. Canadian prairie drought assessment through MODIS vegetation indices. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability, 5544, 149-158. doi: 10.1117/12.559581

Hicke, J. A., J. R. Slusser, and K. Lantz. 2004. Long-term variability in surface UV-B radiation across the United States. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects IV, 5545, 7-16. doi: 10.1117/12.560092

Janson, G. T., J. R. Slusser, G. Scott, P. Disterhoft, and K. Lantz. 2004. Long-term stability of UV multifilter rotating shadowband radiometers: part 2. Lamp calibrations versus the Langley method. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects IV, 5545, 43-48. doi: 10.1117/12.562491

Krotkov, N. A., P. K. Bhartia, J. R. Herman, J. Slusser, G. Scott, G. Labow, A. P. Vasilkov, T. Eck, O. Dubovik, and B. Holben. 2004. Measuring aerosol UV absorption optical thickness by combining use of shadowband and almucantar techniques. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects IV, 5545, 17-27. doi: 10.1117/12.559557

Liang, X., M. Xu, W. Gao, K. Kunkel, J. Slusser, Y. Dai, and Q. Min. 2004. New land surface albedo parameterization based on MODIS data: preliminary result. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability, 55-60. doi: 10.1117/12.563449

Thines, N. J., J. H. Bassman, L. A. Shipley, and J. R. Slusser. 2004. Effects of enhanced UV-B radiation on secondary metabolites in forage plants and potential consequences for multiple trophic responses involving mammalian herbivores. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects IV, 5545, 117-130. doi: 10.1117/12.563273

Tree, R., and J. R. Slusser. 2004. Comparison of column ozone retrievals obtained by UV multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer with those from Brewer and Dobson spectrophotometers. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects IV, 5545, 81-89. doi: 10.1117/12.562500

Yang, Q., J. Lei, W. Wei, J. Zhao, and W. Gao. 2004. Study on the effects of artificial oases to the climate change trend. Proceedings of SPIE, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability, 5544, 455-465. doi: 10.1117/12.559446

Zheng, Y., W. Gao, J. Slusser, R. H. Grant, and C. Wang. 2004. Response of different crop growth and yield to enhanced UV-B radiation under field conditions. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects IV, 5545, 102-110. doi: 10.1117/12.563454




Krizek, D. T., and W. Gao (eds.). 2004. Ultraviolet Radiation and Terrestrial Ecosystems. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 79(5)





Bawhey, C. I., R. H. Grant, and W. Gao. 2003. Digital measurement of heliotropic leaf response in soybean cultivars and leaf exposure to solar UVB radiation. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 120(1-4), 161-175.

Gao, W., R. H. Grant, G. M. Heisler and J. R.Slusser. 2003. Ultraviolet-B radiation in a row-crop canopy: An extended 1-D model. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 120(1-4), 141-151.

Gao, W., Y. Zheng, J. R. Slusser and G. M. Heisler. 2003. Impact of enhanced Ultraviolet-B irradiance on cotton growth, development, yield, and qualities under field conditions. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 120(1-4), 241-248.

Grant, R. H., G. M. Heisler, W. Gao, and M. Jenks. 2003. Ultraviolet leaf reflectance of common urban trees and the prediction of reflectance from leaf surface characteristics. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 120(1-4), 127-139.

Grant, R. H., and W. Gao. 2003. Diffuse fraction of UV radiation under partly cloudy skies as defined by the Automated Surface Observation System (ASOS). Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 108(D2), 4046-4055. doi: 10.1029/2002JD002201

Grant, R. H., and J. Slusser. 2003. Spatial variability in UV radiation during the growing season across the continental USA. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 74(3), 167-177.

Heisler, G. M., R. H. Grant, and W. Gao. 2003. Individual-and scattered-tree influences on Ultraviolet irradiance. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 120(1-4), 113-126.

Heisler, G. M., R. H. Grant, W. Gao, and J. R. Slusser. 2003. Ultraviolet radiation and its impacts on agriculture and forests. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 120(1-4), 3-7. doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2003.08.007

Kakani, V. G., K. R. Reddy, D. Zhao, and K. Sailaja. 2003. Field crop responses to ultraviolet-B radiation: a review. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 120(1-4), 191-218. doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2003.08.015

McArthur, L. J. B., D. H. Halliwell, O. J. Neibergall, N. T. O'Neill, J. R. Slusser, and C. Wehrli. 2003. Field comparison of network Sun photometers. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 108(D19), 4596. doi: 10.1029/2002JD002964.

Petters, J. L., V. K. Saxena, J. R. Slusser, B. N. Wenny, and S. Madronich. 2003. Aerosol single scattering albedo retrieved from measurements of surface UV irradiance and a radiative transfer model. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 108(D9), 4288. doi: 10.1029/2002JD002360.

Reddy, K. R., V. G. Kakani, D. Zhao, A. R. Mohammed, and W. Gao. 2003. Cotton responses to Ultraviolet-B radiation: experimentation and algorithm development. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 120, 249-266.

Tsvetsinskaya, E. A., L. O. Mearns, T. Mavromatis, W. Gao, L. R. McDaniel, and M. W. Downton. 2003. The effect of spatial scale of climate change scenarios on simulated Maize, winter wheat, and rice production in southeastern United States. Climatic Change, 60(1), 37-71.

Wetzel, M. A., G. E. Shaw, J. R. Slusser, R. D. Borys, and C. F. Cahill. 2003. Physical, chemical and ultraviolet radiative signatures of aerosol in central Alaska. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 108(D14). doi: 10.1029/2002JD003208

Zheng, Y., W. Gao, J. R. Slusser, R. H. Grant, and C. Wang. 2003. Yield and yield formation of field winter wheat in response to supplemental solar UV-B radiation. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 120(1-4), 279-284. doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2003.08.022




Gao, W., Y. Zheng, J. R. Slusser, Y. He, and R. H. Zhang. 2003. Impact of enhanced Ultraviolet-B irradiance on maize yield formation and structure: A field evaluation. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects III, 5156, 396-402. doi: 10.1117/12.509422

Grant, R. H., and J. R. Slusser. 2003. Defining the probabilities of solar UV event exposures for plant effects research. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects III, 5156, 207-215. doi: 10.1117/12.504866

Harrison, L. C., M. Beauharnois, J. L. Berndt, P. W. Kiedron, and P. Disterhoft. 2003. Transfer of UV irradiance calibration to our field spectroradiometers: current performance and operational experience at Table Mountain, Colorado. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects III, 5156, 135-142. doi: 10.1117/12.506156

Heisler, G. M., R. H. Grant, D. J. Nowak, W. Gao, D. E. Crane, and J. T. Walton. 2003. Inclusion of an Ultraviolet Radiation transfer component in an urban forest effects model for prediction tree influences in potential below- canopy exposure to UVB radiation. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects III, 5156, 228-235. doi: 10.1117/12.509193

Janson, G. T., and J. R. Slusser. 2003. Long-term stability of UV multifilter rotating shadowband radiometers. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects III, 5156, 94-100. doi: 10.1117/12.508195

Kimlin, M. G., J. R. Slusser, K. A. Schallhorn, and R. S. Meltzer. 2003. U.S. EPA Brewer Spectrophotometer network and the USDA UVB monitoring and research program: data comparison from co-located instruments. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects III, 5156, 85- 93. doi: 10.1117/12.505752

King, J. Y., D. G. Milchunas, A. R. Mosier, J. C. Moore, M. H. Quirk, J. A. Morgan, and J. R. Slusser. 2003. Initial impacts of altered UVB radiation on plant growth and decomposition in shortgrass steppe. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects III, 5156, 384-395. doi: 10.1117/12.508606

Krotkov, N. A., P. K. Bhartia, J. R. Herman, J. R. Slusser, G. R. Scott, G. Labow, A. P. Vasilkov, T. Eck, O. Dubovik, and B. Holben. 2003. Goddard UV aerosol absorption closure experiment (2002-03). Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects III, 5156, 54-62. doi: 10.1117/12.508967

Qi, J., C. Wang, Y. Inoue, R. Zhang, and W. Gao. 2003. Synergy of optical and radar remote sensing in agricultural applications. Proceedings of SPIE, Ecosystems' Dynamics, Agricultural Remote Sensing and Modeling, and Site-Specific Agriculture, 5153, 153-158. doi: 10.1117/12.514562

Reddy, K. R., S. Koti, D. Zhao, V. G. Kakani, and W. Gao. 2003. Interactive effects of atmospheric carbon dioxide and ultraviolet-B radiation on cotton growth and physiology. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects III, 5156, 262-272. doi: 10.1117/12.510531

Slusser, J. R., D. Bigelow, W. Gao, G. R. Scott, and B. Olson. 2003. Comparison of UV synthetic spectra with broadband and spectral irradiances. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects III, 5156, 403-408. doi: 10.1117/12.511736

Wetzel, M. A., and J. R. Slusser. 2003. Mesoscale distribution of UV spectral irradiance obtained by merging satellite remote sensing and ground based measurements. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects III, 5156, 291-302. doi: 10.1117/12.508654

Zhan, X., W. Gao, J. Qi, P. R. Houser, J. R. Slusser, X. Pan, Z. Gao, and Y. Ma. 2003. Remote sensing and modeling the dynamics of soil moisture and vegetative cover of arid and semiarid areas. Proceedings of SPIE, Ecosystems' Dynamics, Agricultural Remote Sensing and Modeling, and Site-Specific Agriculture, 5153, 51-60. doi: 10.1117/12.505670

Zheng, Y., W. Gao, C. Wang, W. Xiao, and R. Zhang. 2003. Effect of increased UV-B on weeds and big worms in farmland ecological system. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects III, 5156, 273-280. doi: 10.1117/12.509662

Gao, Z., W. Gao, J. R. Slusser, X. Pan, and Y. Ma. 2003. The sensitivity of NPP to climate controls in northern China estimated by CLM model coupled with RS and GIS technology. Proceedings of SPIE, Ecosystems Dynamics, Ecosystem-Society Interactions, and Remote Sensing Applications for Semi-Arid and Arid Land, 4890, 299-305. doi: 10.1117/12.465503




Gao, W., J. R. Slusser, R. H. Grant, and G. M. Heisler (eds.). 2003. UV Radiation and Its Impacts on Agriculture and Forests. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 120(1-4)




Gao, W. 2003. The applications of RS, GIS, and modeling technology in ecological environment of arid areas. In G. K. Liu (ed.), On the Frontiers of Science (pp. 254-276). Tsinghua University Press and Inter press, Beijing, China





Gao, W., R. H. Grant, G. M. Heisler, and J. R. Slusser. 2002. A geometric ultraviolet-B radiation transfer model applied to vegetation canopies. Agronomy Journal, 94(3), 475-482.

Grant, R. H., G. M. Heisler, and W. Gao. 2002. Estimation of Pedestrian Level UV Exposure Under Trees. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 75(4), 369-376.

Lantz, K., P. Disterhoft, E. Early., A. Thompson, J. DeLuisi, J. Berndt, L. Harrison, P. Kiedron, J. Ehramjian, G., Bernhard, L. Cabasug, J. Robertson, W. Mou, T. Taylor, J. Slusser, D. Bigelow, B. Durham, G. Janson, D. Hayes, M. Beaubien, and A. Beaubien. 2002. The 1997 North American Interagency Intercomparison of Ultraviolet Spectroradiometers Including Narrowband Filter Radiometers. Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, 107(1), 19-62, 2002.




Gao, W., Z. Gao, J. R. Slusser, X. Pan, and Y. Ma. 2002. The responses of net primary production (NPP) to different climate scenarios with Biome-BGC model in oasis areas along the Tianshan Mountains in Xinjiang, China. Proceedings of SPIE, Ecosystems Dynamics, Ecosystem-Society Interactions, and Remote Sensing Applications for Semi-Arid and Arid Land, 4890, 141-150. doi: 10.1117/12.466876

Gao, W., Y. Zheng, J. R. Slusser, G. M. Heisler, D. He., and J. Xu. 2002. Impact of enhanced ultraviolet-B irradiance on maize yield and its seed qualities: A field evaluation. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects II, 4896, 159-164. doi: 10.1117/12.466201

Grant, R. H., and J. R. Slusser. 2002. Spatial correlations of daily and weekly maximum day exposure of solar UV radiation in the continental United States. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects II, 4896, 52-61. doi: 10.1117/12.466118

Heisler, G. M., R. H. Grant, W. Gao, J. R. Slusser, and C. Ehrlich. 2002. Solar ultraviolet-B radiation in urban environments: Baltimore , Maryland . Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects II, 4896, 62-69. doi: 10.1117/12.466229

Liang, X., W. Gao, K. Kunkel, J. R. Slusser, X. Pan, H. Liu, and Y. Ma. 2002. Sustainability of vegetation over Northwest China:I. Climate Response to Grassland. Proceedings of SPIE, Ecosystems Dynamics, Ecosystem-Society Interactions, and Remote Sensing Applications for Semi-Arid and Arid Land, 4890, 29-44. doi: 10.1117/12.466845

Qi, Y., S. Bai, W. Gao, and G. M. Heisler. 2002. Intra- and inter-specific comparisons of leaf UV-B absorbing-compound concentration of southern broadleaf tree in the United States . Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects II, 4896, 120-129. doi: 10.1117/12.466231

Sullivan, J. H., D. C. Gitz, A. E. Stapleton, W. Gao, and J. R. Slusser. 2002. Short-term responses of barley to changes in ambient levels of UV-B radiation and their role in UV protection. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects II, 4896, 135-143. doi: 10.1117/12.466182

Wang, C., Y. Zheng, W. Gao, J. R. Slusser, and D. He. 2002. Responses of winter wheat growth and production under subambient UV-B irradiance. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects II, 4896, 219-222. doi: 10.1117/12.466172

Ye, Q., M. H. Glantz, X. Pan, W. Gao, and Y. Ma. 2002. Desert Affairs Program: An initiative on integrating research education and application for sustainable development in arid and semi-arid lands. Proceedings of SPIE, Ecosystems Dynamics, Ecosystem-Society Interactions, and Remote Sensing Applications for Semi-Arid and Arid Land, 4890, 230- 236. doi: 10.1117/12.465957

Zhan, X., W. Gao, X. Pan, and Y. Ma. 2002. Monitoring the hydrologic and vegetation dynamics of arid land with satellite remote sensing, and mathematic modeling. Proceedings of SPIE, Ecosystems Dynamics, Ecosystem-Society Interactions, and Remote Sensing Applications for Semi-Arid and Arid Land, 4890, 115-127. doi: 10.1117/12.466604

Zheng, Y., W. Gao, J. R. Slusser, Y. He, and R. H. Grant. 2002. Growth analytic simulation of soybean and winter wheat crops under different doses of UV-B irradience. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects II, 4896, 130-134. doi: 10.1117/12.466190

Slusser, J. R., N. A. Krotkov, W. Gao, J. R. Herman, G. Labow, and G. Scott. 2002. Comparisons of USDA UV shadow-band Irradiance Measurements with TOMS Satellite and DISORT Model Retrievels Under All Sky conditions. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects, 4482, 56-63. doi: 10.1117/12.452954




Slusser, J. R., W. Gao, and R. McKenzie (eds.). 2002. The UV Measurements and Modeling. Optical Engineering, 41(12)




Wang, S., and W. Gao. 2002. La Niña and its impacts on China's climate. In M. H. Glantz (ed.), La Nina and Its Impacts: Facts and Speculation (pp. 186-189). United Nations University Press, Tokyo, Japan.





Gao, W., J. Slusser, J. Gibson, G. Scott, D. Bigelow, J. Kerr, and B. McArthur. 2001. Direct-Sun column ozone retrieval by the ultraviolet multifilter rotating shadow-band radiometer and comparison with those from Brewer and Dobson spectrophotometers. Applied Optics, 40(19), 3149-3155. doi: 10.1364/AO.40.003149

Michalsky, J. J., J. A. Schlemmer, W. E. Berkheiser, J. L. Berndt, L. C. Harrison, N. S. Laulainen, N. R. Larson, and J. C. Barnard. 2001. Multiyear measurements of aerosol optical depth in the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement and Quantitative Links programs. Journal of Geophysical Research, 106(D11), 12099-12107. doi: 10.1029/2001JD900096

Vuilleumier, L., R. A. Harley, N. J. Brown, J. R. Slusser, D. Kolinski, and D. S. Bigelow. 2001. Variability in ultraviolet total optical depth during the Southern California Ozone Study (SCOS97). Atmospheric Environment, 35(6), 1111-1122. doi: 10.1016/S1352-2310(00)00259-4




Estupinan, J. G., M. H. Bergin, J. R. Slusser, and R. S. Meltzer. 2001. Measurement of aerosol optical depths in the UV-A: A comparison between a USDA yankee environmental systems UV-multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer and an EPA brewer spectrophotometer. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects, 4482, 212-223. doi: 10.1117/12.452921

Gao, W., R. H. Grant, G. M. Heisler, and J. R. Slusser. 2001. Modeling ultraviolet-B radiation in a maize canopy. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects, 4482, 395-407. doi: 10.1117/12.452943

Gao, W., J. R. Slusser, L. C. Harrison, P. Disterhoft, Q. Min, B. Olson, K. Lantz, and B. Davis. 2001. Comparisons of UV Synthetic Spectra Retrieved from the USDA UV Multifilter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer with Collocated USDA Reference UV Spectroradiometer and NIWA UV Spectroradiometer. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects, 4482, 408-414. doi: 10.1117/12.452944

Gao, W., Y. Zheng, J. R. Slusser, and G. M. Heisler. 2001. Impact of enhanced ultraviolet-B irradiance on cotton yield and qualities. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects, 4482, 381-387. doi: 10.1117/12.452941

Grant, R. H., and W. Gao. 2001. Estimating the UV diffuse fraction of solar radiation under partly cloudy skies. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects, 4482, 160-168. doi: 10.1117/12.452914

Heisler, G. M., R. H. Grant, and W. Gao. 2001. Urban tree influences on ultraviolet irradiance. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects, 4482 , 277-290. doi: 10.1117/12.452929

Slusser, J. R., N. Krotkov, W. Gao, J. R. Herman, G. Labow, and G. Scott. 2001. Comparisons of USDA UV shadow-band irradiance measurements with TOMS satellite and DISORT model retrievels under all sky conditions. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects, 4482, 56-63. doi: 10.1117/12.452954

Zheng, Y., W. Gao, and G. Shi. 2001. Calculating Solar Ultraviolet Radiation by Computational Models in Nanjing Region. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects, 4482, 455-459. doi: 10.1117/12.452951

Zheng, Y., W. Gao, J. R. Slusser, R. H. Grant, and C. Wang. 2001. Yield and yield formation of winter wheat in response to enhanced solar ultraviolet-B radiation. Proceedings of SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects, 4482, 335-340. doi: 10.1117/12.452936





Bigelow, D. S., and J. R. Slusser. 2000. Establishing the Stability of Multi-filter UV Rotating Shadowband Radiometers. Journal of Geophysical Research, 105, 4833-4840.

Frederick, J. E., J. R. Slusser, and D. S. Bigelow. 2000. Annual and Interannual Behavior of Solar Ultraviolet Irradiance Revealed by Broadband Measurements. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 72(4), 488-496.

Slusser, J. R., J. H. Gibson, D. S. Bigelow, D. Kolinski, P. Disterhoft, K. Lantz, and A. Beaubien. 2000. Langley Method of Calibrating UV Filter Radiometers. Journal of Geophysical Research, 105(D4), 4841-4849.





Bodhaine, B. A., N. B. Wood, E. G. Dutton, and J. R. Slusser. 1999. On Rayleigh Optical Depth Calculations. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 16(11), 1854-1861.

Kaye, J. A., B. B. Hicks, E. C. Weatherhead, C. S. Long, and J. Slusser. 1999. U.S. Interagency UV Monitoring Program Established and Operating. Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, 80(10), 113-116. doi: 10.1029/99EO00075

Lantz, K. O., P. Disterhoft, J. J. Deluisi, E. Early, A. Thompson, D. Bigelow, and J. Slusser. 1999. Methodology for Deriving Clear-Sky Erythemal Calibration Factors for UV Broadband Radiometers of the US Central UV Calibration Facility. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 16(11), 1736-1752.

Slusser, J. R., J. H. Gibson, D. Bigelow, D. Kolinski, W. Mou, G. Koenig, and A. Beaubien. 1999. Comparison of column ozone retrievals by use of an UV multifilter rotating shadow-band radiometer with those from Brewer and Dobson spectrophotometers. Applied Optics, 38(9), 1543-1551.





Early, E., A. Thompson, C. Johnson, J. DeLuisi, P. Disterhoft, D. Wardle, E. Wu, W. Mou, J. Ehramjian, J. Tusson, T. Mestechkina, M. Beaubien, J. Gibson, and D. Hayes. 1998. The 1996 North American Interagency Intercomparison of Ultraviolet Monitoring Spectroradiometers. Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, 103(5), 449-482.

Early, E., A. Thompson, C. Johnson, J. DeLuisi, P. Disterhoft, D. Wardle, E. Wu, W. Mou, Y. Sun, T. Lucas, T. Mestechkina, L. Harrison, J. Berndt, and D. Hayes. 1998. The 1995 North American Interagency Intercomparison of Ultraviolet Monitoring Spectroradiometers. Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, 103(1), 15-62.

Min, Q., and L. C. Harrison. 1998. Synthetic spectra for terrestrial ultraviolet from discrete measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 103(D14), 17033-17039. doi: 10.1029/98JD01452

Bigelow, D. S., J. R. Slusser, A. F. Beaubien, and J. H. Gibson. 1998. The USDA Ultraviolet Radiation Monitoring Program. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 79(4), 601-615.

Early, E. A., E. A. Thompson, and P. Disterhoft. 1998. Field Calibration Unit for Ultraviolet Spectroradiometers. Applied Optics, 37(28), 6664-6670.





Thompson, A., E. A. Early, J. Deluisi, P. Disterhoft, D. Wardle, J. Kerr, J. Rives, Y. Sun, T. Lucas, T. Mestechkina, and P. Neale. 1997. The 1994 North American Interagency Intercomparison of Ultraviolet Monitoring Spectroradiometers. Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, 102(3), 279-322.





Michalsky, J. J., L. C. Harrison, and W. E. Berkheiser III. 1995. Cosine Response Characteristics of Some Radiometric and Photometric Sensors. Solar Energy, 54(6), 397-402.





Harrison, L., and J. Michalsky. 1994. Objective algorithms for the retrieval of optical depths from ground-based measurements. Applied Optics, 33(22), 5126-5132.

Harrison, L., J. Michalsky, and J. Berndt. 1994. Automated multifilter rotating shadow-band radiometer: an instrument for optical depth and radiation measurements. Applied Optics, 33(22), 5118-5125.